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GG 103 Geology of the Hawaiian Islands Final Exam Topics

The exam consists 4-5 written questions:

The potential comprehension questions are listed below.

The potential application question is related to one or more of the comprehension topics. A satisfactory response has three parts:

  1. List the topic(s) that applies, e.g. I can respond by using the Density Structure of Earth.
  2. Briefly explain the parts of the concept necessary to respond to question, e.g. Three layers, density and compositional differences, etc.
  3. Answer the question.

Potential Written Comprehension Exam Questions

The 3-5 written comprehension questions will come from lecture topics



Hydrologic Cycle

Discuss the hydrologic cycle.(7)


Discuss orographic precipitation in Hawai'i. (8)


Discuss streams in Hawai'i. (9)

Geomorphic Cycle

Discuss the geomorphic cycle. (10)

Amphitheater-Headed Valleys

Discuss the formation of amphitheater-headed valley in Hawaii. (10)

Coastal Geology

Wave Refraction

Explain why waves refract. (6)

Discuss wave refraction on irregular coastlines. (10)


Contrast the different types of sand in Hawaii. (10)

Longshore Drift

Discuss longshore drift and its interaction with shoreline structures. (10)

Seawalls and Beach Loss

Explain why seawalls tend to destroy beaches. (10)

Shoreline Features

Discuss wave erosion and shoreline features. (10)

Discuss wave erosion and shoreline features. (10)


Discuss tsunamis and the Hawaiian Islands. (10)


The list of exam topics and potential written questions for the final exam are complete


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